Groundnut Characterization

Characterization of germplasm is prerequisite for utilization in crop improvement. Phenotypic characterization involves recording characters which are highly heritable, easily seen by eye and are expressed in all environments. ICRISAT germplasm accessions are characterized at Patancheru location, India (Latitude: 17.51o N, Longitude: 78.27o E, Altitude: 545m). The descriptors developed for characterization and preliminary evaluation are followed in each crop are used for characterization. Crop-specific characterization details are described in the ICRISAT genebank technical manual no. 10.

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ICG
14978 Accessions of 500 pages
Accession identifierCountry of originDays to emergence-rainyDays to emergence-postrainyGrowth habitPlant height (cm)Plant pigmentationStem hairinessBranching patternPrimary branches numberLeaflet colorLeaflet shapeLeaflet hairinessDays to flowering-rainyDays to flowering-postrainyFlower colorStreak colorPeg colorDays to maturity-rainyDays to maturity-postrainyPod beakPod constrictionPod reticulationSeeds per podSeed color patternPrimary seed colorSecondary seed colorSeed weight (g)-rainySeed weight (g)-postrainyShelling percentage-rainyShelling percentage-postrainyHaulm yield (g)Protein (%)Oil (%)
ICG 1Belgium913Decumbent-124AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisAlternate5GreenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces3041OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysModerateModerateModerate2-1One colorTanNone65747463  45.8
ICG 2India912Decumbent-132AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential4GreenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2240OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysModerateModerateModerate2-1One colorTanNone34357572 27.442.6
ICG 3India20 Decumbent-1 AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential5Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces  OrangeOrangePresent      One colorOthersNone       
ICG 4India913Erect38AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisAlternate4Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2632OrangeOrangeAbsent131 to 140 days141 to 150 daysAbsentNoneProminent2-1One colorTanNone40636871 28.746.9
ICG 5India109Erect40AbsentModerately hairy, hairs in 3 or 4 rows along main axisSequential5Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2240OrangeOrangeAbsent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysModerateModerateProminent2-3-1/2-1-3One colorTanNone34417162 22.246.6
ICG 6India911Erect33AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisAlternate6Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2745OrangeOrangePresent131 to 140 days131 to 140 daysModerateModerateModerate2-1One colorTanNone36516561 25.245.6
ICG 7India1111Erect51AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential5Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2838OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysAbsentSlightModerate2-3-1/2-1-3One colorTanNone32476665 28.837.9
ICG 8India811Decumbent-248AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisAlternate4GreenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2232OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysAbsentModerateSlight2-1One colorTanNone39487070  46.3
ICG 9India911Procumbent-125AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisAlternate4GreenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2743OrangeOrangePresent131 to 140 days141 to 150 daysSlightSlightSlight2-1One colorTanNone45406157 24.146.2
ICG 10India911Decumbent-315AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisAlternate9GreenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2943OrangeOrangePresent121 to 130 days131 to 140 daysSlightSlightSlight3-2-4-1/3-2-1-4/3-4-2-1One colorGreyed orangeNone37616762 22.642.1
ICG 12India811Erect17AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential5Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2538OrangeOrangePresent111 to 120 days121 to 130 daysModerateSlightModerate3-2-1/3-1-2One colorRedNone52447071  44.5
ICG 13India911Erect29AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential4Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2334OrangeOrangePresent111 to 120 days121 to 130 daysModerateModerateSlight3-2-4-1/3-2-1-4/3-4-2-1One colorRedNone32366563 26.347.3
ICG 14India810Erect19PresentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential4Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces1833OrangeOrangePresent111 to 120 days121 to 130 daysAbsentSlightNone3-2-4-1/3-2-1-4/3-4-2-1One colorRedNone45417172  43.2
ICG 15India810Erect30AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential4Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2535OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysModerateModerateSlight2-1One colorTanNone50407570  44.8
ICG 16India811Decumbent-238AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisAlternate5Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2734OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysSlightModerateProminent2-3-1/2-1-3One colorTanNone31387477 28.343.4
ICG 17India911Decumbent-229AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisAlternate11GreenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2840OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysModerateModerateModerate2-1One colorTanNone57606766  45.4
ICG 18India811Erect47PresentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential4Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2548OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysModerateModerateModerate2-1One colorTanNone39387576  45
ICG 19India912Erect19PresentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential3Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2643OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysAbsentSlightModerate2-1One colorTanNone42437262 23.741.7
ICG 20India611Erect42AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential4GreenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2634OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysSlightSlightSlight2-1One colorTanNone38326872  41.5
ICG 21India1211Erect47AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential4GreenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2434Orange-yellowOrange-yellowPresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysModerateSlightModerate2-1One colorTanNone33376264 2839.8
ICG 22India89Erect13AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential6GreenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2440OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysSlightSlightSlight3-2-1/3-1-2One colorRedNone29357369 26.640.8
ICG 23India911Erect31AbsentModerately hairy, hairs in 3 or 4 rows along main axisSequential4GreenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2138OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysSlightSlightSlight2-1One colorTanNone35287869  46.6
ICG 24India1111Erect10AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential4GreenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2534OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysAbsentSlightSlight2-1One colorTanNone47526767  42.1
ICG 25India89Erect44PresentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential4Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2340OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysModerateModerateSlight2-1One colorTanNone35387068  42.5
ICG 26India1111Erect45PresentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential4Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2230OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysModerateModerateSlight2-1One colorTanNone31397466 29.241.9
ICG 27India1212Erect42AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential4Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2430OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysModerateSlightSlight2-3-1/2-1-3One colorRedNone38337071   
ICG 28India1011Erect34AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisAlternate4Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces3138OrangeOrangePresent121 to 130 days131 to 140 daysSlightSlightModerate3-2-4-1/3-2-1-4/3-4-2-1One colorRedNone36606259 26.142.3
ICG 29India89Erect45AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential4GreenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous above, hairs below1828OrangeOrangePresent111 to 120 days121 to 130 daysAbsentSlightNone3-2-1/3-1-2One colorRedNone70497067 2642.9
ICG 30India1212Erect31PresentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential4Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2426OrangeOrangePresent111 to 120 days121 to 130 daysAbsentSlightNone3-2-4-1/3-2-1-4/3-4-2-1One colorRedNone45516877  42.2
ICG 31India811Erect40AbsentSub-glabrous, hairs in 1 or 2 rows along main axisSequential5Light greenEllipticLeaflet almost glabrous on both surfaces2130OrangeOrangePresent101 to 110 days111 to 120 daysAbsentSlightSlight2-3-1/2-1-3One colorTanNone45426572 25.243.8