Pigeonpea Characterization

Characterization of germplasm is prerequisite for utilization in crop improvement. Phenotypic characterization involves recording characters which are highly heritable, easily seen by eye and are expressed in all environments. ICRISAT germplasm accessions are characterized at Patancheru location, India (Latitude: 17.51o N, Longitude: 78.27o E, Altitude: 545m). The descriptors developed for characterization and preliminary evaluation are followed in each crop are used for characterization. Crop-specific characterization details are described in the ICRISAT genebank technical manual no. 10.

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ICP
13044 Accessions of 435 pages
Accession identifierCountry of originGrowth habitPlant pigmentationLeaf hairinessPlant height (cm)Primary branches numberSecondary branches numberTertiary branches numberDays to floweringFlowering patternFlower colorStreak colorStreak patternRaceme numberDays to maturityPod colorPod bearing length (cm)Pod shapePod hairinessPod length (cm)Pod numberSeeds per podSeed color patternPrimary seed colorSecondary seed colorSeed shapeSeed hilum100-Seed weight (g)Shelling percentageSeed yield (g)Harvest index percentageProtein (%)
ICP 1IndiaSemi-spreadingGreen 22014.3420117IndeterminateYellowRedFew165180Mixed (green and purple)40.4CylindricalPubescent4.42493.6PlainReddish brownNoneOvalAbsent10.762103.323.822
ICP 2IndiaCompactGreenGlabrous21012.324.31.7168IndeterminateYellowRedFew85.7238Mixed (green and purple)31CylindricalPubescent5.52703PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent9.9503014.317.9
ICP 3IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous15016.732.70111IndeterminateYellowRedFew59.3160Mixed (green and purple)28CylindricalPubescent6.188.73.3PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent9.733.313.311.418.3
ICP 4IndiaSemi-spreadingPurple; GreenGlabrous15012.320.7099DeterminateYellowRedDense; Few58.3155Mixed (green and purple)26.3CylindricalPubescent5.2119.63PlainOrange; PurpleNoneOvalAbsent7.34013.313.816.5
ICP 5IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous16018.7264104IndeterminateYellowNoneNone70.7155Mixed (green and purple)36.7CylindricalPubescent6.4653PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent4.35016.718.216.1
ICP 6IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous1709.329.32.3111IndeterminateYellowRedFew66.3168Mixed (green and purple)28.4CylindricalPubescent6.3104.33.1PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent8.155.616.78.819.5
ICP 7IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous18018.7260113IndeterminateYellowRedDense177154Mixed (green and purple)43CylindricalPubescent6.1316.73.3PlainCreamWhiteOvalAbsent8.261.173.329.320.3
ICP 8IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous16011.7180111IndeterminateYellowRedMedium streaks25155Mixed (green and purple)28.1CylindricalPubescent5.436.32.8PlainPurpleNoneOvalPresent7.914.33.39.118.7
ICP 9IndiaSemi-spreadingSun redGlabrous16520.737.37.7125IndeterminateYellowRedMedium streaks56.3168Mixed (green and purple)26.5CylindricalPubescent5.2722.9PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent8.2206.73.621.6
ICP 10IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous19010.3154.3110IndeterminateYellowRedFew93.7165Mixed (green and purple)27CylindricalPubescent4.4298.33.9PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent8.690.94325 
ICP 11IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous18011.745.34.3120IndeterminateYellowRedFew78.3168Mixed (green and purple)78.8CylindricalPubescent6.4872.8PlainCream; PurpleWhiteOvalAbsent8.147.633.311.820.3
ICP 12IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous2009.344.712.399IndeterminateYellowRedFew; Medium150.3155Mixed (green and purple)46CylindricalPubescent5.92113.6PlainOrange; CreamNoneSquareAbsent7.85036.713.418.8
ICP 13IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous190834.7299IndeterminateYellowRedFew; Medium58155Mixed (green and purple)34.1CylindricalPubescent3.493.73.1PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent8.155.616.716.119
ICP 14IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous18016.327.315.399IndeterminateYellowRedFew91.7155Mixed (green and purple)24.5CylindricalPubescent6133.33.2PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent7.437.5108.317.1
ICP 15IndiaSemi-spreadingSun redGlabrous17710296102IndeterminateYellowRedDense166162Mixed (green and purple); Purple70CylindricalPubescent6.6341.74.1MottledLight brownOrangeOvalAbsent8.563.816040.523.4
ICP 16IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous19013.330299IndeterminateYellowRedFew; None133.7155Mixed (green and purple); Green16CylindricalPubescent5.6219.73PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent7.657.936.715.917.3
ICP 17IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous2201642.73.799IndeterminateYellowRedFew; Plain uniform coverage100155Mixed (green and purple)47CylindricalPubescent61453.6Speckled; PlainCream; OrangeWhiteOvalAbsent7.341.223.39.317.8
ICP 18IndiaSpreadingGreenGlabrous1971541.310105IndeterminateYellowRedMedium streaks245.6175Mixed (green and purple)29CylindricalPubescent52963.8Mottled and speckledLight brownNoneOvalAbsent9.167.78425.425.1
ICP 19MyanmarSemi-spreadingGreen 19513.334.33.7147IndeterminateYellowRedFew101.3190Mixed (green and purple)21.5CylindricalPubescent4.2497.73.9PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent7.672.596.727.6 
ICP 22MyanmarSemi-spreadingSun redGlabrous1759.796100IndeterminateYellowRedMedium streaks146162Mixed (green and purple)68.3CylindricalPubescent6.32443.2Mottled and speckledCreamBrownOvalAbsent9.366.15631.122.4
ICP 24IndiaSemi-spreadingSun redGlabrous1427.620.61082IndeterminateYellowRedMedium streaks151149Mixed (green and purple)66.5CylindricalPubescent5.1400.73.2PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent856.13722.423.1
ICP 25IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous1801831.75.388IndeterminateYellowRedFew74.7139Mixed (green and purple)28CylindricalPubescent6.2983.1PlainBrownNoneOvalAbsent8.843.823.310.918.9
ICP 26IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous14011.721099IndeterminateYellowRedFew105.3150Mixed (green and purple)60.9CylindricalPubescent4.72103PlainLight brownOrangeOvalAbsent8.468.25033.3 
ICP 27IndiaSemi-spreadingGreen 152917.30105IndeterminateYellowRedFew173149Mixed (green and purple)60.4CylindricalPubescent5.382.33.3MottledOrangeNoneOvalAbsent6.764.96734.522.7
ICP 28IndiaSemi-spreadingGreen 13518.323.32.384DeterminateYellowRedFew101.3120Mixed (green and purple)35CylindricalPubescent6.11732.8PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent8.963.646.728.622.6
ICP 29IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous19014.744.34.7127IndeterminateYellowRedFew109.7182Mixed (green and purple)23.1CylindricalPubescent6.41773.4PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent8.372.243.320.320.5
ICP 31IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous17010.734.36118IndeterminateYellowRedFew145.3167Mixed (green and purple)70.3CylindricalPubescent6.1238.73.3PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent9.5605022.721.6
ICP 32IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous16017.3321132IndeterminateYellowRedFew85182Mixed (green and purple)30CylindricalPubescent4.81643.2PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent7.95013.3816.7
ICP 33IndiaSemi-spreadingGreenGlabrous1651116.62.3125IndeterminateYellowRedMedium streaks140.6188Mixed (green and purple)22CylindricalPubescent5.2173.74.2MottledCreamNoneOvalPresent7.865.45028.320.8
ICP 34IndiaSemi-spreadingSun red 26512.321.31.3149IndeterminateYellowRedMedium streaks280206Mixed (green and purple)56CylindricalPubescent5.6489.33.6PlainOrangeNoneOvalAbsent7.364.716721.123.6