Pearl millet Characterization

Characterization of germplasm is prerequisite for utilization in crop improvement. Phenotypic characterization involves recording characters which are highly heritable, easily seen by eye and are expressed in all environments. ICRISAT germplasm accessions are characterized at Patancheru location, India (Latitude: 17.51o N, Longitude: 78.27o E, Altitude: 545m). The descriptors developed for characterization and preliminary evaluation are followed in each crop are used for characterization. Crop-specific characterization details are described in the ICRISAT genebank technical manual no. 10.

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53 Accessions of 2 pages
Accession identifierCountry of originPlant height (cm)-rainyPlant height (cm)-postrainyProductive tillers No.Total tillers No.Fodder yield potentialOverall plant aspectDays to flowering-rainyDays to flowering-postrainyPanicle exertion (cm)Panicle length (cm)-rainyPanicle length (cm)-postrainyPanicle width (mm)-rainyPanicle width (mm)-postrainyPanicle shapeSpiklet densityBristle lengthSeed shapeSeed color1000-Seed Wt (g)Seed yield potentialProtein (%)
IP 4India24016022.6BetterAverage5268727252520CandleSemicompact to compactBristles below the level of seed apexEllipticalGrey brown9.1Moderate 
IP 5India2901802.63GoodAverage5964530252022LanceolateSemicompact to compactBristles below the level of seed apexOblanceolateGrey6.9Moderate 
IP 13India2101352.63.6GoodAverage4555525192217LanceolateLoose to semicompactVery shortGlobularGrey7.25Moderate 
IP 68India23520024.3BetterGood5068721162321CandleLoose to semicompactVery shortEllipticalGrey brown7.32Good 
IP 69India2301653.34.3BetterAverage5264825242524CandleSemicompactVery shortEllipticalGrey brown7.37Good 
IP 155Tanzania2051604.34.3GoodAverage4766623242520CandleSemicompactVery shortOblanceolateGrey7.6Moderate 
IP 159Kenya2301653.64AverageAverage51621028252525CandleSemicompactVery shortObovateGrey6.9Moderate 
IP 172Kenya2702002.64BetterAverage5376330282220LanceolateSemicompact to compactShortHexagonalGrey6.5Moderate 
IP 176Malawi21517534.6GoodAverage4968828222225CandleSemicompact to compactVery shortOblanceolateGrey8.95Good 
IP 181Malawi2151502.63GoodAverage4873228302520CandleSemicompactVery shortEllipticalGrey7Good 
IP 207Kenya1901402.63.6GoodAverage44551022212521CandleLoose to semicompactVery shortEllipticalGrey brown8.45Good 
IP 208Kenya2301752.32.3BetterAverage5166527262024CandleSemicompact to compactBristles below the level of seed apexHexagonalGrey brown8.78Good 
IP 236Uganda2501602.32.6GoodAverage5056827192521CandleSemicompact to compactVery shortEllipticalGrey8.1Good 
IP 240Uganda2101652.32.6BetterGood4763821212522CandleSemicompactBristles below the level of seed apexHexagonalGrey brown10.28Good 
IP 245Uganda2501602.62.6BetterGood5466826242828CandleCompactBristles below the level of seed apexEllipticalGrey8.55Good 
IP 274Congo20514034GoodAverage4763625202319LanceolateSemicompactBristles below the level of seed apexEllipticalGrey8Moderate 
IP 275Congo1951252.33BetterAverage47631024172523CandleLoose to semicompactBristles below the level of seed apexEllipticalGrey8.05Moderate 
IP 279Nigeria21016022.3GoodAverage5071822192222CandleSemicompactVery shortEllipticalGrey9Good 
IP 280Nigeria2451652.32.3GoodGood4966830232323LanceolateSemicompactVery shortEllipticalGrey7.45Good 
IP 287Senegal2051601.61.6GoodAverage5070523192824CandleSemicompact to compactShortHexagonalGrey9Good 
IP 292Senegal19013034.6AverageAverage4866822162223CandleSemicompactBristles below the level of seed apexHexagonalGrey7.6Good 
IP 293India23013022GoodAverage50731026272219LanceolateSemicompact to compactBristles below the level of seed apexEllipticalGrey7.6Good 
IP 318Senegal2301403.34.3GoodGood4865330212524LanceolateLoose to semicompactMediumEllipticalGrey8.35Good 
IP 319Senegal25515022.6BetterAverage5065627252520CandleSemicompactShort to mediumEllipticalGrey8.45Good 
IP 329Senegal2151801.62.3BetterGood4873530302525CandleLoose to semicompactVery shortEllipticalGrey brown5.95Good 
IP 344India23016533.6GoodGood5173825202527CandleSemicompact to compactVery shortEllipticalGrey7.3Good 
IP 358India2501552.62.6BetterGood5673330202218CandleSemicompact to compactBristles below the level of seed apexEllipticalGrey7.3Good 
IP 368India2451652.64.3BetterAverage5471628222018LanceolateSemicompactVery shortEllipticalGrey6.65Moderate 
IP 388India24015034.6GoodGood5473725212520CandleSemicompact to compactBristles below the level of seed apexEllipticalGrey6.7Good 
IP 415India22516533.6BetterAverage50651228242525LanceolateLoose to semicompactVery shortEllipticalGrey6.7Good