Sorghum Characterization

Characterization of germplasm is prerequisite for utilization in crop improvement. Phenotypic characterization involves recording characters which are highly heritable, easily seen by eye and are expressed in all environments. ICRISAT germplasm accessions are characterized at Patancheru location, India (Latitude: 17.51o N, Longitude: 78.27o E, Altitude: 545m). The descriptors developed for characterization and preliminary evaluation are followed in each crop are used for characterization. Crop-specific characterization details are described in the ICRISAT genebank technical manual no. 10.

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41371 Accessions of 828 pages
Accession identifierCountry of originRacePlant height (cm)-rainyPlant height (cm)-postrainyBasal tillers numberPlant pigmentationDays to flowering-rainyDays to flowering-PostrainyPanicle exertion (cm)Panicle length (cm)Panicle width (cm)Panicle compactness and shapeSeed colorSeed lustreSeed subcoat100 Seed weight (g)Endosperm textureThresabilityProtein (%)Lysine (%)
IS 1MexicoBicolor2402301Pigmented5664152713Semi-loose stiff branchesReddish brownNon-LustrousPresent5.39Mostly starchyPartly threshable11.12.1
IS 2MexicoBicolor3202401Pigmented5664 4215.5Loose stiff branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.53Mostly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 4MexicoBicolor3252102Pigmented6869153413Loose drooping branchesBrownNon-LustrousAbsent1.88Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 5MexicoBicolor3101901Pigmented6376 3421.5Loose stiff branchesBrownNon-LustrousPresent1.74Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 11MexicoBicolor3502251Tan658253112Loose stiff branchesLight brownNon-LustrousAbsent1.43Mostly starchyDifficult to thresh  
IS 12United States of AmericaBicolor3202351Tan67807295.9Loose drooping branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.79Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 13United States of AmericaBicolor3102401Tan59641036.510Very loose drooping branchesLight brownNon-LustrousAbsent1.87Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 15United States of AmericaBicolor3502401Pigmented7079 3610Loose drooping branchesBrownNon-LustrousAbsent1.62Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 20United States of AmericaBicolor1701301Pigmented6075 24.58Semi-compact ellipticLight brownNon-LustrousPresent3.24Mostly starchyPartly threshable9.62.3
IS 21United States of AmericaBicolor3302601Pigmented6276125247Very loose drooping branchesBrownNon-LustrousAbsent2.03Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 23United States of AmericaBicolor3652152Pigmented7772 463Loose drooping branchesBrownNon-LustrousAbsent3.78Mostly starchyDifficult to thresh  
IS 24United States of AmericaBicolor3102302Pigmented71771630.59Loose stiff branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.77Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 26United States of AmericaBicolor3502201Tan7181 296.5Loose drooping branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.65Mostly starchyDifficult to thresh  
IS 28United States of AmericaBicolor2902301Tan6982630.511.3Loose drooping branchesBrownLustrousAbsent1.88Mostly starchyDifficult to thresh  
IS 29United States of AmericaBicolor3102301Pigmented65801236.510Loose drooping branchesBrownLustrousAbsent1.83Mostly starchyDifficult to thresh  
IS 30United States of AmericaBicolor3302601Pigmented7181153515Very loose drooping branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.82Mostly starchyDifficult to thresh  
IS 31United States of AmericaBicolor3202251Pigmented80811530.58Loose stiff branchesLight brownNon-LustrousAbsent1.91Partly corneousPartly threshable  
IS 32United States of AmericaBicolor3402501Pigmented687953716Loose drooping branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.55Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 34United States of AmericaBicolor3252002Pigmented698343919Loose drooping branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.72Mostly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 35United States of AmericaBicolor3252251Pigmented698012286Loose stiff branchesBrownLustrousAbsent1.69Mostly starchyDifficult to thresh  
IS 36United States of AmericaBicolor2802201Pigmented6375235.510Very loose drooping branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.91Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 37United States of AmericaBicolor2151701Pigmented698124319Loose drooping branchesLight brownLustrousPresent1.41Mostly corneousPartly threshable  
IS 38United States of AmericaBicolor2201851Pigmented7790 3612Loose stiff branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.94Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 39United States of AmericaBicolor2251701Pigmented7775837.511.5Loose stiff branchesBrownLustrousAbsent1.5Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 44UnknownDurra2552201Pigmented69677177Semi-compact ellipticStrawLustrousAbsent3.49Partly corneousPartly threshable72.4
IS 51United States of AmericaGuinea-durra1351153Pigmented57609167Semi-compact ellipticWhiteLustrousAbsent4Partly corneousFreely threshable  
IS 52United States of AmericaCaudatum-bicolor2601502Pigmented837210278Loose stiff branchesReddish brownNon-LustrousPresent4.86Mostly starchyPartly threshable  
IS 53United States of AmericaGuinea-caudatum2001452Pigmented549625156Semi-compact ellipticReddish brownNon-LustrousPresent2.85Mostly starchyFreely threshable  
IS 54United States of AmericaDurra-caudatum2101902Pigmented535617157Semi-compact ellipticLight redLustrousAbsent2.97Partly corneousPartly threshable  
IS 55United States of AmericaDurra3302003Pigmented67618127Compact ovalYellowLustrousAbsent2.99Mostly starchyPartly threshable  
IS 57United States of AmericaKafir-caudatum1451551Pigmented635121185Semi-compact ellipticGreyNon-LustrousPresent2.84Mostly starchyFreely threshable  
IS 60Russian FederationDurra-caudatum2401552Pigmented566430148Semi-compact ellipticStrawLustrousAbsent2.78Completely starchyFreely threshable  
IS 61South AfricaDurra-caudatum3551801Pigmented1258010126.1Semi-compact ellipticReddish brownNon-LustrousPresent2.3Completely starchyPartly threshable6.1 
IS 62United States of AmericaCaudatum2801902Pigmented636921187Semi-compact ellipticChalky whiteNon-LustrousPresent4.84Mostly starchyFreely threshable9.42.2
IS 67UnknownGuinea-bicolor2602601Pigmented5863243415Semi-loose stiff branchesWhiteLustrousAbsent1.46Completely corneousPartly threshable9.62.5
IS 71MexicoDurra-caudatum2201251Pigmented7764517.56Semi-compact ellipticWhiteLustrousAbsent2.69Mostly starchyPartly threshable  
IS 72MexicoCaudatum1801202Pigmented656613216Semi-compact ovalStrawLustrousAbsent2.7Mostly starchyPartly threshable  
IS 73MexicoGuinea-caudatum110902Pigmented7047 186.2Semi-compact ellipticGreyNon-LustrousPresent4.17Mostly starchyFreely threshable  
IS 74MexicoCaudatum-bicolor1451601Pigmented596320239Semi-compact ellipticStrawLustrousAbsent2.85Completely corneousFreely threshable8.4 
IS 75MexicoCaudatum2351502Pigmented63621316.56.5Semi-compact ellipticGreyNon-LustrousPresent4.49Mostly starchyPartly threshable  
IS 76MexicoDurra-caudatum2151703Pigmented665614187.3Compact ellipticGreyNon-LustrousPresent4.06Mostly starchyPartly threshable  
IS 77MexicoDurra-caudatum1401602Pigmented4954815.56Compact ovalGreyNon-LustrousPresent3.91Partly corneousPartly threshable  
IS 78MexicoCaudatum2351703Pigmented59559188Semi-compact ellipticGreyNon-LustrousPresent4.97Partly corneousPartly threshable  
IS 79MexicoCaudatum2352701Pigmented597919277Semi-loose stiff branchesBrownNon-LustrousPresent1.99Mostly starchyFreely threshable  
IS 80MexicoCaudatum1151302Pigmented49541526.26Semi-compact ellipticGreyNon-LustrousPresent2.79Mostly starchyPartly threshable8.4 
IS 81EgyptDurra2501801Pigmented6181 13.56.7Semi-compact ovalYellowLustrousAbsent3.07Mostly starchyPartly threshable7 
IS 82EgyptDurra-caudatum1051004Pigmented637943014Loose stiff branchesYellowLustrousAbsent3.64Mostly starchyPartly threshable8.3 
IS 83EgyptDurra-caudatum2001602Pigmented6166223.36.5Semi-compact ellipticStrawLustrousAbsent3.13Mostly starchyPartly threshable  
IS 84EgyptDurra-caudatum1351204Pigmented576692814Semi-loose stiff branchesYellowLustrousAbsent4.35Partly corneousFreely threshable8.2 
IS 85United States of AmericaKafir-caudatum1301055Pigmented66579185Compact ellipticChalky whiteNon-LustrousPresent3.1Completely starchyPartly threshable