Sorghum Characterization

Characterization of germplasm is prerequisite for utilization in crop improvement. Phenotypic characterization involves recording characters which are highly heritable, easily seen by eye and are expressed in all environments. ICRISAT germplasm accessions are characterized at Patancheru location, India (Latitude: 17.51o N, Longitude: 78.27o E, Altitude: 545m). The descriptors developed for characterization and preliminary evaluation are followed in each crop are used for characterization. Crop-specific characterization details are described in the ICRISAT genebank technical manual no. 10.

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10667 Accessions of 356 pages
Accession identifierCountry of originRacePlant height (cm)-rainyPlant height (cm)-postrainyBasal tillers numberPlant pigmentationDays to flowering-rainyDays to flowering-PostrainyPanicle exertion (cm)Panicle length (cm)Panicle width (cm)Panicle compactness and shapeSeed colorSeed lustreSeed subcoat100 Seed weight (g)Endosperm textureThresabilityProtein (%)Lysine (%)
IS 1MexicoBicolor2402301Pigmented5664152713Semi-loose stiff branchesReddish brownNon-LustrousPresent5.39Mostly starchyPartly threshable11.12.1
IS 2MexicoBicolor3202401Pigmented5664 4215.5Loose stiff branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.53Mostly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 4MexicoBicolor3252102Pigmented6869153413Loose drooping branchesBrownNon-LustrousAbsent1.88Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 5MexicoBicolor3101901Pigmented6376 3421.5Loose stiff branchesBrownNon-LustrousPresent1.74Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 11MexicoBicolor3502251Tan658253112Loose stiff branchesLight brownNon-LustrousAbsent1.43Mostly starchyDifficult to thresh  
IS 12United States of AmericaBicolor3202351Tan67807295.9Loose drooping branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.79Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 13United States of AmericaBicolor3102401Tan59641036.510Very loose drooping branchesLight brownNon-LustrousAbsent1.87Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 15United States of AmericaBicolor3502401Pigmented7079 3610Loose drooping branchesBrownNon-LustrousAbsent1.62Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 24United States of AmericaBicolor3102302Pigmented71771630.59Loose stiff branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.77Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 26United States of AmericaBicolor3502201Tan7181 296.5Loose drooping branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.65Mostly starchyDifficult to thresh  
IS 28United States of AmericaBicolor2902301Tan6982630.511.3Loose drooping branchesBrownLustrousAbsent1.88Mostly starchyDifficult to thresh  
IS 29United States of AmericaBicolor3102301Pigmented65801236.510Loose drooping branchesBrownLustrousAbsent1.83Mostly starchyDifficult to thresh  
IS 31United States of AmericaBicolor3202251Pigmented80811530.58Loose stiff branchesLight brownNon-LustrousAbsent1.91Partly corneousPartly threshable  
IS 32United States of AmericaBicolor3402501Pigmented687953716Loose drooping branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.55Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 34United States of AmericaBicolor3252002Pigmented698343919Loose drooping branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.72Mostly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 35United States of AmericaBicolor3252251Pigmented698012286Loose stiff branchesBrownLustrousAbsent1.69Mostly starchyDifficult to thresh  
IS 36United States of AmericaBicolor2802201Pigmented6375235.510Very loose drooping branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.91Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 37United States of AmericaBicolor2151701Pigmented698124319Loose drooping branchesLight brownLustrousPresent1.41Mostly corneousPartly threshable  
IS 38United States of AmericaBicolor2201851Pigmented7790 3612Loose stiff branchesLight brownLustrousAbsent1.94Partly corneousDifficult to thresh  
IS 51United States of AmericaGuinea-durra1351153Pigmented57609167Semi-compact ellipticWhiteLustrousAbsent4Partly corneousFreely threshable  
IS 52United States of AmericaCaudatum-bicolor2601502Pigmented837210278Loose stiff branchesReddish brownNon-LustrousPresent4.86Mostly starchyPartly threshable  
IS 54United States of AmericaDurra-caudatum2101902Pigmented535617157Semi-compact ellipticLight redLustrousAbsent2.97Partly corneousPartly threshable  
IS 57United States of AmericaKafir-caudatum1451551Pigmented635121185Semi-compact ellipticGreyNon-LustrousPresent2.84Mostly starchyFreely threshable  
IS 60Russian FederationDurra-caudatum2401552Pigmented566430148Semi-compact ellipticStrawLustrousAbsent2.78Completely starchyFreely threshable  
IS 62United States of AmericaCaudatum2801902Pigmented636921187Semi-compact ellipticChalky whiteNon-LustrousPresent4.84Mostly starchyFreely threshable9.42.2
IS 67UnknownGuinea-bicolor2602601Pigmented5863243415Semi-loose stiff branchesWhiteLustrousAbsent1.46Completely corneousPartly threshable9.62.5
IS 71MexicoDurra-caudatum2201251Pigmented7764517.56Semi-compact ellipticWhiteLustrousAbsent2.69Mostly starchyPartly threshable  
IS 72MexicoCaudatum1801202Pigmented656613216Semi-compact ovalStrawLustrousAbsent2.7Mostly starchyPartly threshable  
IS 75MexicoCaudatum2351502Pigmented63621316.56.5Semi-compact ellipticGreyNon-LustrousPresent4.49Mostly starchyPartly threshable  
IS 76MexicoDurra-caudatum2151703Pigmented665614187.3Compact ellipticGreyNon-LustrousPresent4.06Mostly starchyPartly threshable