Proso millet is an important short-duration crop that adapts well to varied climatic conditions and is grown worldwide for food, feed and fodder purposes. Proso millet is used for feeding birds and as livestock feed in developed countries and for food in some parts of Asia. Nutritionally, proso millet grains are rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, and micronutrients including iron, zinc, copper and manganese, compared to other staple cereals. A diversity set consisting of 200 accessions was formed, and this set including 106 accessions of core collection, originating from 30 countries, representing five races of proso millet (60.5% miliaceum, 12.5% each of compactum and contractum; 8.5% patentissimum and 6.5% ovatum). These accessions were selected using the cluster information of proso millet which was used to assemble core collection. This set represents 24% of the entire collection and 22 to 27% of each race of proso millet germplasm conserved at the ICRISAT genebank. This set can be an ideal diversity set for initiating proso millet improvement program, and also genetic investigation and allele mining. This set was characterized for agronomic and grain nutrients content in 2015 and 2016 rainy season at ICRISAT Patancheru, India, and trait specific germplasm sources were identified. Click here for details on Accessions.


  1. Vetriventhan, M., and H.D. Upadhyaya. 2018. Diversity and trait-specific sources for productivity and nutritional traits in the global proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) germplasm collection. Crop J. 6(5): 451–463. doi: 10.1016/j.cj.2018.04.002.

  1. Upadhyaya, H.D., S. Sharma, C.L.L. Gowda, V.G. Reddy, and S. Singh. 2011. Developing proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) core collection using geographic and morpho-agronomic data. Crop & Pasture Sci. 62(5): 383–389. doi: 10.1071/CP10294.